Self-Supervised Representation Learning: Introduction, advances, and challenges

Linus Ericsson, Henry Gouk, Chen Change Loy, Timothy M. Hospedales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Self-supervised representation learning (SSRL) methods aim to provide powerful, deep feature learning without the requirement of large annotated data sets, thus alleviating the annotation bottleneck—one of the main barriers to the practical deployment of deep learning today. These techniques have advanced rapidly in recent years, with their efficacy approaching and sometimes surpassing fully supervised pretraining alternatives across a variety of data modalities, including image, video, sound, text, and graphs. This article introduces this vibrant area, including key concepts, the four main families of approaches and associated state-of-the-art techniques, and how self-supervised methods are applied to diverse modalities of data. We further discuss practical considerations including workflows, representation transferability, and computational cost. Finally, we survey major open challenges in the field, that provide fertile ground for future work.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-62
Number of pages21
JournalIEEE Signal Processing Magazine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2022


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