Sensitivity Analysis and Machine Learning Modelling for the Output Characteristics of Rotary HTS Flux Pumps

Zezhao Wen*, Hongye Zhang, Markus A. Mueller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High temperature superconducting (HTS) rotatory flux pump, or so called HTS dynamo, can output none-zero time-averaged DC voltage and charge the rest of the circuit if a closed loop has been formed. This type of flux pump is often employed together with HTS coils, where the HTS coils can potentially work in persistent current mode, and act like electromagnets with considerable magnetic field, having wide range of applications in industry. The output characteristics of HTS rotary flux pumps have been extensively explored through experiments and finite element method (FEM) simulations, yet the work on constructing statistical models as an alternative approach to capture key characteristics has not been studied and published. A 2D FEM program has been used to model the HTS rotatory flux pumps and evaluate the effects of different factors upon the output voltage through parameter sweeping and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Typical design considerations, including operation frequency, air gap, HTS tape width and remanent flux density have been investigated, in particular the bilateral effect of HTS tape width has been explained by looking at the averaged integration of the electric field over the tape. Based on the data obtained from various simulations, regression analysis has been conducted through a collection of machine learning methods and demonstrated that the output voltage of a rotary flux pump can be obtained promptly with satisfactory accuracy via Gaussian process regression (GPR), aiming to provide a novel approach for future research and powerful design tool for industrial applications using HTS rotary flux pump devices.
Original languageEnglish
Article number125019
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number12
Early online date12 Nov 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Nov 2021


  • HTS dynamo
  • flux pump
  • T–A formulation
  • Machine learning
  • regression


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