Sequence interruptions confer differential stability at microsatellite alleles in mismatch repair-deficient cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Determinants of instability at a given microsatellite repeat merits investigation in view of relevance to understanding evolution of mutations at such sequences in human populations. The microsatellite D2S123 was studied as a paradigm CA repeat marker. Furthermore, this marker is one of a recommended panel used in molecular screening for hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). In this investigation we show that the mutation rate at the D2S123 locus is markedly influenced by intra-allelic sequence variation within the repetitive tract itself. We employed a novel approach to characterize the nature of instability at D2S123, by utilizing cells derived from a non-tumour lineage, which harbour a dominant negative mismatch repair (MMR) mutation and a mutator phenotype. Individual alleles were typed using a semi-quantitative small pool PCR technique and this demonstrated substantial allele-these specific bias in susceptibility to mutation at the D2S123 locus. In support of these in vitro data, bias in allele mutation rate was also observed in tumours from 41 HNPCC patients, which was dependent on constitutional genotype. Sequencing of cell line and patient DNAs revealed that short alleles are significantly more susceptible to mutation due to the presence of uninterrupted CA repeats. Long D2S123 alleles are intrinsically more stable because of a TA interspersion within the repetitive tract. In addition to extending understanding of mutation at CA repeat dinucleotide tracts, these findings have considerable relevance both to screening programmes and to correlation of microsatellite instability (MSI) with colon cancer survival. The manifestation of tumour MSI may be substantially influenced by constitutional genotype.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2707-13
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume9
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2000

Keywords

  • Alleles
  • Base Pair Mismatch
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
  • DNA Repair
  • Dinucleotide Repeats
  • Gene Frequency
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis
  • Phenotype
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Survival Rate
  • Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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