Sero-prevalence of Taenia spp. infections in Cattle and Pigs in Rural Farming Communities in Free State and Gauteng Provinces, South Africa

A.m. Tsotetsi-khambule, S. Njiro, T.c. Katsande, O.m.m Thekisoe, LESLIE HARRISON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine sero-prevalence of bovine and porcine cysticercosis in cattle and pigs in rural farming communities in Free State and Gauteng Provinces, Republic of South Africa. Blood samples were collected for a period of twelve months from live cattle (n = 1315; 1159) and pigs (n = 436; 240) and the serum extracted and stored before analysis by a monoclonal antibody based (HP10) antigen detection ELISA.

Results revealed a generally high sero-prevalence and wide distribution throughout the two provinces with Free State having a higher sero-prevalence in both cattle and pigs (23% and 34%) than Gauteng province (15% and 14%). Consumption of infected meat that is either not inspected/missed at meat inspection; poor livestock management practices and limited sanitation in rural communities might have contributed to the occurrence of Taenia spp. infections in the two provinces. It is therefore, recommended that cysticercosis status of animals be established before slaughter. This would assist in ensuring that infected animals are not slaughtered for human consumption or zoonosis preventive measures are taken. Furthermore, public awareness programs on life cycles of T. saginata, T. solium and T. hydatigena and the use of more sensitive diagnostic tools are recommended as part of effective control strategies against taeniid infections.
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Tropica
Early online date24 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Cysticercosis
  • HP10 AgELISA
  • Rural farming communities
  • South Africa

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