Sex determination and differentiation genes in a functional hermaphrodite scallop, Nodipecten subnodosus

Pavel Galindo-Torres, Alejandra García-Gasca, Raúl Llera-Herrera, Cristina Escobedo-Fregoso, C. Abreu-Goodger, Ana M. Ibarra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The lion-paw, Nodipecten subnodosus is one of three scallop species commercially exploited on the west coast of the Peninsula of Baja California. Because nothing is known about sex determination and sexual differentiation in hermaphrodite scallops, in the present work, a global transcriptomic analysis was performed in two early developmental stages, settling eyed-larvae and spat, as well as in three tissues (undifferentiated gonad, digestive gland, and adductor muscle). Over 27 million Illumina paired-end reads were obtained through the MiSeq platform. After processing the reads a total of 243,774 transcripts were assembled with an N50 of 980 and an average length of 775 nt. A total of 43,252 proteins were inferred and 36,103 transcripts had at least one homolog in the SwissProt database according to a blastx search. After differential expression analyses and GO annotations it was possible to identify several sex-related genes in the scallop, including one known to be involved in the sex determination pathway of the hermaphrodite model organism Caenorhabditis elegans, N. subnodosus-sex1 (Ns-sex1). Other interesting sex determination and differentiation genes were Ns-dmrta2, Ns-sox9, Ns-wnt4, Ns-doa, Ns-ovo, Ns-vir, among others. Most of these genes were mainly expressed in the testis region, suggesting their participation in male gonad region sex differentiation. These results represent the first available information on the genetics of sex determination and differentiation in a functional hermaphrodite
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-175
Number of pages14
JournalMarine Genomics
Volume37
Early online date24 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • lion paw scallop
  • testis ovary genes
  • RNA-Seq
  • tissue expression

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