Sexual dimorphism of the humerus in contemporary Cretans--a population-specific study and a review of the literature*

Elena F Kranioti, Manolis Michalodimitrakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sex determination is the first essential step for positive identification when a decomposed body is recovered. Taking into consideration the population aspect of sexual dimorphism of the skeleton, the present study aimed to create a sex identification technique using osteometric standards, derived from a contemporary Cretan population. A total of 168 left humeri were measured according to standard osteometric techniques. The differences between the means in males and females were significant (p <0.0005). About 92.3% of cases were correctly classified when all measurements were applied jointly. Stepwise procedure produced an accuracy rate of 92.9%. The most effective single dimension was vertical head diameter (89.9%). The current study provides standards for a population that has not been represented so far in the existing databases. It demonstrates that the humerus is an effective bone for the estimation of sex because even in a fragmentary state it can give high classification accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)996-1000
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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