Many sensor network protocols in the literature implicitly assume that sensor nodes are deployed uniformly inside a simple geometric region. When the real deployment deviates from that, we often observe degraded performance. It is desirable to have a generic approach to handle a sensor field with complex shape. In this paper, we propose a segmentation algorithm that partitions an irregular sensor field into nicely shaped pieces such that algorithms and protocols that assume a nice sensor field can be applied inside each piece. Across the segments, problem dependent structures specify how the segments and data collected in these segments are integrated. This unified topology-adaptive spatial partitioning would benefit many settings that currently assume a nicely shaped sensor field. Our segmentation algorithm does not require sensor locations and only uses network connectivity information. Each node is given a 'flow direction' that directs away from the network boundary. A node with no flow direction becomes a sink, and attracts other nodes in the same segment. We evaluate the performance improvements by integrating shape segmentation with applications such as distributed indices and random sampling.
|Title of host publication||INFOCOM 2007. 26th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications, Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, 6-12 May 2007, Anchorage, Alaska, USA|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|