Shh controls epithelial proliferation via independent pathways that converge on N-Myc

Pleasantine Mill, Rong Mo, Ming Chang Hu, Lina Dagnino, Norman D Rosenblum, Chi-Chung Hui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Shh signaling induces proliferation of many cell types during development and disease, but how Gli transcription factors regulate these mitogenic responses remains unclear. By genetically altering levels of Gli activator and repressor functions in mice, we have demonstrated that both Gli functions are involved in the transcriptional control of N-myc and Cyclin D2 during embryonic hair follicle development. Our results also indicate that additional Gli-activator-dependent functions are required for robust mitogenic responses in regions of high Shh signaling. Through posttranscriptional mechanisms, including inhibition of GSK3-beta activity, Shh signaling leads to spatially restricted accumulation of N-myc and coordinated cell cycle progression. Furthermore, a temporal shift in the regulation of GSK3-beta activity occurs during embryonic hair follicle development, resulting in a synergy with beta-catenin signaling to promote coordinated proliferation. These findings demonstrate that Shh signaling controls the rapid and patterned expansion of epithelial progenitors through convergent Gli-mediated regulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-303
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental Cell
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005


  • Animals
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cyclin D2
  • Cyclins
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Epidermis
  • Epithelial Cells
  • G1 Phase
  • Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3
  • Hair Follicle
  • Hedgehog Proteins
  • Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Mutation
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • Signal Transduction
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • beta Catenin


Dive into the research topics of 'Shh controls epithelial proliferation via independent pathways that converge on N-Myc'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this