Should we reframe how we think about physical activity and sedentary behaviour measurement? Validity and reliability reconsidered

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Abstract

Background

The measurement of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) is fundamental to health related research, policy, and practice but there are well known challenges to these measurements. Within the academic literature, the terms “validity” and “reliability” are frequently used when discussing PA and SB measurement to reassure the reader that they can trust the evidence.

Discussion

In this paper we argue that a lack of consensus about the best way to define, assess, or utilize the concepts of validity and reliability has led to inconsistencies and confusion within the PA and SB evidence base. Where possible we propose theoretical examples and solutions. Moreover we present an overarching framework (The Edinburgh Framework) which we believe will provide a process or pathway to help researchers and practitioners consider validity and reliability in a standardized way.

Conclusion

Further work is required to identify all necessary and available solutions and generate consensus in our field to develop the Edinburgh Framework into a useful practical resource. We envisage that ultimately the proposed framework will benefit research, practice, policy, and teaching. We welcome critique, rebuttal, comment, and discussion on all ideas presented.
Original languageEnglish
Article number32
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume13
Issue number1
Early online date1 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • sedentary behaviour
  • measurement
  • validity
  • reliability
  • framework

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