Shugoshins: Tension-sensitive pericentromeric adaptors safeguarding chromosome segregation

Adele L. Marston*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The shugoshin/Mei-S332 family are proteins that associate with the chromosomal region surrounding the centromere (the pericentromere) and that play multiple and distinct roles in ensuring the accuracy of chromosome segregation during both mitosis and meiosis. The underlying role of shugoshins appears to be to serve as pericentromeric adaptor proteins that recruit several different effectors to this region of the chromosome to regulate processes critical for chromosome segregation. Crucially, shugoshins undergo changes in their localization in response to the tension that is exerted on sister chromosomes by the forces of the spindle that will pull them apart. This has led to the idea that shugoshins provide a platform for activities required at the pericentromere only when sister chromosomes lack tension. Conversely, disassembly of the shugoshin pericentromeric platform may provide a signal that sister chromosomes are under tension. Here the functions and regulation of these important tensionsensitive pericentromeric proteins are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)634-648
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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