Simulation of bioremediation of chlorophenols in a sandy aquifer

Blanca Antizar Ladislao, N I Galil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bioremediation of consecutive spills of phenol, 2-chlorophenol (2-MCP), 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) and pentachlororphenol as single pollutants was investigated in eight pilot plant scale sand columns system (100 cm l, 6 cm ID), simulating the conditions, which could be created in the saturated zone of a pristine aquifer following an accidental spill. Bioremediation in this study consisted of re-circulating local groundwater through the polluted site in a controlled manner following a closed-loop configuration. Intrinsic microbial development was enhanced by adding the necessary nutrients. Consecutive accidental spills of 480-mg phenol/kg soil; 140-mg 2-MCP/kg; 14-mg 2,4,6-TCP/kg soil and 17-mg pentachlorophenol (PCP)/kg soil under saturated conditions and a continuous specific discharge of 0.56 cm min(-1) were simulated. Degradation curves demonstrated first-order kinetics. Biodegradation rates (k1) were influenced by consecutive exposures. Calculated rate constants for biodegradation for sole substrate experiments were in the range of 0.06-0.15 day(-1), 0.21-1.20 day(-1), 0.04-2.28 day(-1) and 0.01-0.03 day(-1) for phenol, 2-MCP, 2,4,6-TCP and PCP, respectively. The acclimation of the aquifer to simulated consecutive accidental spills was found to be directly proportional to the cumulative load of each single chlorophenol. A relationship between the octanol water partitioning (Kow) values and the experimental degradation rates (k1) was found.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-44
Number of pages7
JournalWater Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Chlorophenols
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Octanols
  • Silicon Dioxide
  • Solubility
  • Water Supply


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