A twinned microstructure is frequently observed after a martensitic phase transition. In this paper we investigate the atomic-level processes associated with the twin formation in a model system, using a many-body potential parametrized to represent zirconium. Molecular-dynamics simulations of the martensitic phase transition from bcc to hcp in zirconium show the evolution of a laminated twinned microstructure. Plastic deformation also occurs, creating basal stacking faults. The plastic deformation is such as to cause a rotation of the twins. This alters the twinning angle to the 61.5° angle of the low-energy (1011)hcp twins. These are thus identified as a cause of microscopic irreversibility in the transition.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Physical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 1998|