Simultaneous 1D hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS, phosphor thermometry, and CH* imaging to study transient near-wall heat transfer processes

David Escofet-Martin, Anthony O. Ojo, Torge Mecker, Mark Linne, Brian Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Near-wall transient heat transfer and flame-wall interaction (FWI) are topics of great importance in the development of downsized internal combustion (IC) engines and gas turbine technology. In this work we perform measurements using 1D hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS (HRCARS), thermographic phosphors (TGP) and CH* imaging in an optically-accessible chamber designed to study transient near-wall heat transfer processes relevant to IC engine operation. HRCARS provides single-shot gas-phase temperatures (40μm spatial resolution and up to 3mm wall-normal distances), while thermographic phosphors measures wall temperature and CH* measures the flame front position. These simultaneous measurements are used to resolve thermal boundary layer (TBL) development and associated gaseous heat loss for three important processes of gas/wall interactions: (1) an unburned-gas polytropic compression process, (2) FWI, and (3) post-flame and gas expansion processes. During a mild polytropic compression process, measurements emphasize that even a relatively small wall heat flux (≤ 5kW/m^2) yields an appreciable temperature stratification through a developing TBL. During FWI, thermal gradients induced by the flame are resolved within the TBL. Gases closest to the wall (y<0.2mm) continue to experience thermal loading from polytropic compression until the flame is within ~1.4mm from the wall. Immediately afterwards, the wall first senses the flame as the wall temperature begins to increase. During FWI, gas temperatures up to 1150K impinge on the wall, producing peak wall heat fluxes (620kW/m^2) and the wall temperature increases (ΔTwall=14K). Gaseous heat loss in the post-flame gas occurs rapidly at the wall, yielding a TBL of colder gases extending from the wall as wall heat flux slowly decreases. HRCARS further captures the rapid cooling of gases in the TBL and core-gas during the mild expansion and exhaust process.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Early online date2 Aug 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Aug 2020


  • Flame-wall interaction
  • boundary layer flows
  • Advanced laser diagnostics


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