Simultaneous microdialysis in blood and brain: oxytocin and vasopressin release in response to central and peripheral osmotic stimulation and suckling in the rat

I Neumann, M Ludwig, M Engelmann, Q J Pittman, R Landgraf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Simultaneous microdialysis in blood and brain has been used to monitor the release of both oxytocin and vasopressin into the systemic circulation (jugular vein/right atrium) and within the hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus of rats. Both home-made probes for blood and brain microdialysis revealed detectable nonapeptide concentrations under basal conditions and differential responses to a variety of stimuli. In urethane-anesthetized male rats, bilateral stimulation of the supraoptic nucleus by microdialyzing hypertonic medium (1 M NaCl) not only significantly increased the intranuclear release of both oxytocin and vasopressin (p < 0.05), but also their release from the neurohypophysis into blood (p < 0.05). In poststimulation microdialysates sampled from blood, the nonapeptides reached basal levels again, whereas intranuclear levels were further elevated. Intraperitoneal injection of hypertonic saline, on the other hand, resulted not only in the well-known increased peripheral release of oxytocin and vasopressin (p < 0.01 each), but also in a delayed increase in intranuclear oxytocin (p < 0.05). In contrast, intranuclear vasopressin release failed to change within the 90-min period following osmotic stimulation. In conscious lactating rats, suckling increased oxytocin contents in microdialysates sampled simultaneously in blood and the supraoptic nucleus (p < 0.05 each) further validating the microdialysis techniques used. The in vivo recovery in blood of approximately 65% determined using both radiolabeled and endogenous oxytocin provides a rough estimate to assess nonapeptide concentrations in plasma from 30-min or even 10-min blood microdialysis data.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-45
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroendocrinology
Volume58
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1993

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • Brain Chemistry
  • Female
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Lactation
  • Male
  • Microdialysis
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Oxytocin
  • Perfusion
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sucking Behavior
  • Supraoptic Nucleus
  • Vasopressins

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