Simultaneous volume measurements of post-perovskite and perovskite in MgSiO3 and their thermal equations of state

Tetsuya Komabayashi, Kei Hirose, Emiko Sugimura, Nagayoshi Sata, Yasuo Ohishi, L. S. Dubrovinsky

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Simultaneous volume measurements of MgSiO3 post-perovskite (PPv) and perovskite (Pv) were performed in a diamond anvil cell (DAC) combined with synchrotron X-rays. An externally-heated DAC was used in addition to a laser-heated DAC for the volume measurement experiment at high temperatures. The volume data were collected in the stability field of post-perovskite from 115 to 130 GPa. The temperature generated in the externally-heated and the laser-heated DACs for the volume measurement were up to 832 and 2330 K, respectively. Using two different but complementary heating techniques, we collected the data at a wide temperature range from 300 to 2330 K. The obtained P-V-T data for PPv and Pv were fitted to a third-ordered Birch-Murnaghan equation of state (EOS). For a precise comparison of the volume between the two phases, the EOSs were constructed based on the same pressure scale of MgO. The simultaneous volume measurements and the volumes calculated from the determined EOSs demonstrate that the volume difference between PPv and Pv of about 1.5% is almost constant with increasing temperature to 4000 K at the transition. At the base of the mantle, this density difference corresponds to a temperature anomaly of 1300 K without the phase transition due to the very small thermal expansivity of minerals, which has a significant effect on mantle dynamics. The thermal expansivity contrast between the top and the bottom of the mantle is a factor of 3.6. From a mantle convection study, this value suggests that huge and hot plumes are formed at the core-mantle boundary.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-524
Number of pages10
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Issue number3-4
Early online date30 Oct 2007
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2008


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