Single and mixed gas permeability studies on mixed matrix membranes composed of MIL-101(Cr) or MIL-177(Ti) and highly permeable polymers of intrinsic microporosity

Elisa Esposito*, Mariolino Carta*, Alessio Fuoco, Marcello Monteleone, Bibiana Comesaña-Gándara, Effrosyni Gkaniatsou, Clémence Sicard, Sujing Wang, Christian Serre, Neil B. McKeown, Johannes C. Jansen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The gas transport properties of mixed matrix membranes (MMMs), prepared by dispersing nanoparticles of MOFs MIL-101(Cr) or MIL-177(Ti) into highly permeable Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity PIM-EA-TB or PIM-TMN-Trip, were investigated. The homogeneity of the dispersion was confirmed by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) mapping analysis. Single gas time-lag measurements provided the permeability and ideal selectivity of different gas pairs, both after treatment of the MMMs with methanol and after natural aging over an extended period (up to 2000 days). This data demonstrated that the gas size-sieving pores of MIL-101(Cr) and MIL-177(Ti) and their good dispersion into the PIM matrix results in MMMs with enhanced gas separation performance, as compared to films composed solely of the polymer. The comparison of actual permeability with the Maxwell model for PIM-EA-TB with both MOFs confirmed the good dispersion and the absence of anomalies, whereas the inconsistency of permeability with prediction data for PIM-TMN-Trip suggests that the MOFs improved the polymer properties, stiffening or occupying the polymer free volume. In particular, the incorporation of MIL-101(Cr) into PIM-EA-TB significantly enhances the H2 permeability from ∼6000 to 13,000 Barrer, with a concurrent increase of the H2/N2 selectivity from 14 to 21. MIL-177(Ti) also enhances the H2/N2 selectivity to 20 due to a slight reduction of the N2 permeability. The addition of MIL-101(Cr) and MIL-177(Ti) into the ultra-permeable PIM-TMN-Trip showed more modest increases in H2 permeability and H2/N2 selectivity from 4.6 to ∼ 10. Hence the data for some of the MMMs surpass the 2008, and even approach the 2015/2019 Robeson's upper bounds, particularly for gas pairs including H2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122475
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume697
Early online date7 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Feb 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Gas separation
  • Maxwell model
  • MIL-101(Cr)
  • MIL-177(Ti)
  • Mixed matrix membranes
  • MOFs
  • PIMs

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