We propose a compact circularly polarized series-fed patch array with enhanced radiation performance at S-band. To our best knowledge, no similar single-layer structure has been designed, measured and reported in the literature with equivalent radiation performances in terms of reduced sidelobe-level (SLL) and aperture efficiency as well as compactness and simplicity. The planar array consists of a 50-Ω microstrip single feed point, offering uniform and efficient excitation of all its elements that enables a broadside beam with high-gain and low sidelobes. A feed network for such aperture control is designed and optimized to provide good impedance matching with a two-point excitation per radiating element, which is based on 0° and 90° meander lines to enable circularly polarized radiation. A structure made by a 4×1 arrangement of square patches is simulated, optimized, and manufactured, providing a realized gain of about 10 dBic and a SLL below -15 dB. Very good axial ratios and high efficiencies are obtained. The proposed antenna may be of interest for next-generation far-field wireless power transmission systems and other applications including target tracking, radar and internet of things technologies requiring efficient circularly polarized radiation.