Single-mitosis dissection of acute and chronic DNA mutagenesis and repair

Paul Adrian Ginno, Helena Borgers, Christina Ernst, Anja Schneider, Mikaela Behm, Sarah J. Aitken, Martin S Taylor*, Duncan T Odom*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

How chronic mutational processes and punctuated bursts of DNA damage drive evolution of the cancer genome is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate a strategy to disentangle and quantify distinct mechanisms underlying genome evolution in single cells, during single mitoses and at single-strand resolution. To distinguish between chronic (reactive oxygen species (ROS)) and acute (ultraviolet light (UV)) mutagenesis, we microfluidically separate pairs of sister cells from the first mitosis following burst UV damage. Strikingly, UV mutations manifest as sister-specific events, revealing mirror-image mutation phasing genome-wide. In contrast, ROS mutagenesis in transcribed regions is reduced strand agnostically. Successive rounds of genome replication over persisting UV damage drives multiallelic variation at CC dinucleotides. Finally, we show that mutation phasing can be resolved to single strands across the entire genome of liver tumors from F1 mice. This strategy can be broadly used to distinguish the contributions of overlapping cancer relevant mutational processes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Genetics
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2024

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