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Abstract / Description of output
Single-photon detectors with picosecond timing resolution have advanced rapidly in the past decade. This has spurred progress in time-correlated single-photon counting applications, from quantum optics to life sciences and remote sensing. A variety of advanced optoelectronic device architectures offer not only high-performance single-pixel devices but also the ability to scale up to detector arrays and extend single-photon sensitivity into the short-wave infrared and beyond. The advent of single-photon focal plane arrays is poised to revolutionize infrared imaging and sensing. In this mini-review, we set out performance metrics for single-photon detection, assess the requirements of single-photon light detection and ranging, and survey the state of the art and prospects for new developments across semiconductor and superconducting single-photon detection technologies. Our goal is to capture a snapshot of a rapidly developing landscape of photonic technology and forecast future trends and opportunities.