Sirtuin/Sir2 phylogeny, evolutionary considerations and structural conservation

Sebastian Greiss, Anton Gartner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The sirtuins are a protein family named after the first identified member, S. cerevisiae Sir2p. Sirtuins are protein deacetylases whose activity is dependent on NAD(+) as a cosubstrate. They are structurally defined by two central domains that together form a highly conserved catalytic center, which catalyzes the transfer of an acetyl moiety from acetyllysine to NAD(+), yielding nicotinamide, the unique metabolite O-acetyl-ADP-ribose and deacetylated lysine. One or more sirtuins are present in virtually all species from bacteria to mammals. Here we describe a phylogenetic analysis of sirtuins. Based on their phylogenetic relationship, sirtuins can be grouped into over a dozen classes and subclasses. Humans, like most vertebrates, have seven sirtuins: SIRT1-SIRT7. These function in diverse cellular pathways, regulating transcriptional repression, aging, metabolism, DNA damage responses and apoptosis. We show that these seven sirtuins arose early during animal evolution. Conserved residues cluster around the catalytic center of known sirtuin family members.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-415
Number of pages9
JournalMolecules and Cells
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • DEPENDENT PROTEIN DEACETYLASES
  • POSITION-EFFECT VARIEGATION
  • SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE
  • CALORIE RESTRICTION
  • HISTONE DEACETYLASE
  • SIRT1 DEACETYLASE
  • CELL-SURVIVAL
  • LIFE-SPAN
  • HISTONE/PROTEIN DEACETYLASES
  • ADP-RIBOSYLTRANSFERASE

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