Sixty seconds of foam rolling does not affect functional flexibility or change muscle temperature in adolescent athletes

Andrew Murray, Thomas Jones, Cosmin Horobeanu, Anthony Turner, John Sproule

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Background: Foam rolling is commonly prescribed by physiotherapists and practitioners but the mechanistic effects of this intervention are not known. 
Purpose: The aim of this investigation was to establish if a single bout of foam rolling affects flexibility, skeletal muscle contractility and reflected temperature. 
Methods: Twelve adolescent male squash players were evaluated on two separate occasions (treatment and control visits) and were tested on both legs for flexibility of the hip flexors and quadriceps, muscle contractility as measured by tensiomyography and temperature of the quadriceps assessed via thermography at repeated time points pre & post 60 s rolling intervention (pre, immediately post, 5, 10, 15 & 30 minutes post). They rolled one leg on the treatment visit and did not perform rolling on the control visit.
Results: The main outcome measure was the flexibility of hip flexor and quadriceps at repeated time points up to 30 minutes post intervention. The average foam rolling force was 68% of subject’s body weight. This force affected the combination of hip and quadriceps flexibility (p=0.03; 2.4 degrees total increase with foam rolling) but not each muscle independently (p = 0.05 – 0.98) following a single 60s bout. Muscle contractility is not affected (p = 0.09 – 0.93) and temperature is not increased by foam rolling across time points (p=0.19).
Conclusions: A single sixty-second bout of rolling applied to the quadriceps induces a small significant change in flexibility that is of little practical relevance, while muscle contractility and temperature remain unchanged. Investigation of larger doses of rolling is merited in athletic populations to justify current practice.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberPMC5046970
Pages (from-to)765-776
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physical therapy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2016

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • adolescent
  • flexibility
  • tensiomyography
  • thermography


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