SKP2 oncogene is a direct MYC target gene and MYC down-regulates p27(KIP1) through SKP2 in human leukemia cells

Gabriel Bretones, Juan C Acosta, Juan M Caraballo, Nuria Ferrándiz, M Teresa Gómez-Casares, Marta Albajar, Rosa Blanco, Paula Ruiz, Wen-Chun Hung, M Pilar Albero, Ignacio Perez-Roger, Javier León

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SKP2 is the ubiquitin ligase subunit that targets p27(KIP1) (p27) for degradation. SKP2 is induced in the G(1)-S transit of the cell cycle, is frequently overexpressed in human cancer, and displays transformation activity in experimental models. Here we show that MYC induces SKP2 expression at the mRNA and protein levels in human myeloid leukemia K562 cells with conditional MYC expression. Importantly, in these systems, induction of MYC did not activate cell proliferation, ruling out SKP2 up-regulation as a consequence of cell cycle entry. MYC-dependent SKP2 expression was also detected in other cell types such as lymphoid, fibroblastic, and epithelial cell lines. MYC induced SKP2 mRNA expression in the absence of protein synthesis and activated the SKP2 promoter in luciferase reporter assays. With chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, MYC was detected bound to a region of human SKP2 gene promoter that includes E-boxes. The K562 cell line derives from human chronic myeloid leukemia. In a cohort of chronic myeloid leukemia bone marrow samples, we found a correlation between MYC and SKP2 mRNA levels. Analysis of cancer expression databases also indicated a correlation between MYC and SKP2 expression in lymphoma. Finally, MYC-induced SKP2 expression resulted in a decrease in p27 protein in K562 cells. Moreover, silencing of SKP2 abrogated the MYC-mediated down-regulation of p27. Our data show that SKP2 is a direct MYC target gene and that MYC-mediated SKP2 induction leads to reduced p27 levels. The results suggest the induction of SKP2 oncogene as a new mechanism for MYC-dependent transformation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9815-25
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • Animals
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Humans
  • S Phase
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins
  • K562 Cells
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Leukemia
  • Down-Regulation
  • G1 Phase
  • Response Elements
  • Lymphoma
  • Female

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