Smart specialisation is studied in the Arab-Jewish region of Haifa and Nazareth, with a focus on high-tech ventures created by Arab entrepreneurs. We find that not only did smart specialisation occur under these complex conditions, but also that it was spontaneous. It began with the sharing of entrepreneurial knowledge held by Jewish entrepreneurs through social networks set up by grassroots organisations. Policy initiatives in support of this process followed, helping to reshape the region’s socioeconomic structure. Therefore, we argue smart specialisation followed a four-phase process: a pre-phase of knowledge transfer between the two communities, followed by Foray’s (2014) three phases.
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 24 Jun 2021|
- smart specialisation
- regional economies
- innovation policy
- minority integration