Social Media Analysis in Crisis Situations: Can Social Media be a Reliable Information Source for Emergency Management Services?

Mehdi Ben Lazreg, Narayan Ranjan Chakraborty, Stefan Stieglitz, Tobias Potthoff, Bjorn Ross, Tim A Majchrzak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

Learning and understanding what happened before, during, and after a crisis is extremely important for the improvement of the response process. For this purpose, social media has become an important communication medium used by both the affected persons and the emergency management services (EMSs). However, in different crises, different information may be needed, and the information shared in social media varies in its usefulness: It could be highly critical or completely irrelevant to the rescue operation. Supplying the best possible up-to-date information is crucial to the EMS, whose actions based on that information may save lives and resources. This paper studies a particular use case of extreme weather in Norway and identifies the information needs, the problem faced by EMSs, and how they use social media. It, further, pinpoints what different social media analysis platforms can provide in this type of crisis. The results of the research are criteria that social media analysis should follow to address EMSs' concerns. The output of this work can be used to more precisely describe social media communication for crises and to design more efficient platforms for information retrieval from social media.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDesigning Digitalization (ISD2018 Proceedings).
EditorsB. Andersson, B. Johansson, S. Carlsson, C. Barry, M. Lang, H. Linger, C. Schneider
PublisherAssociation for Information Systems
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-91-7753-876-9
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2018
Event27th International Conference on Information Systems Development - Lund, Sweden
Duration: 22 Aug 201824 Aug 2018
http://www.isd2018.ics.lu.se/

Conference

Conference27th International Conference on Information Systems Development
Abbreviated titleISD2020
Country/TerritorySweden
CityLund
Period22/08/1824/08/18
Internet address

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