Sosa on Knowledge, Judgment and Guessing

Joseph Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In Chapter 3 of Judgment and Agency, Ernest Sosa (2015) expli- cates the concept of a fully apt performance. In the course of doing so, he draws from illustrative examples of practical performances and applies lessons drawn to the case of cognitive performances, and in particular, to the cognitive performance of judging. Sosa’s examples in the practical sphere are rich and instructive. But there is, I will argue, an interesting disanalogy between the practical and cognitive examples he relies on. Ultimately, I think the source of the disanalogy is a problematic picture of the cognitive performance of guessing and its connection to knowledge and defeat. Once this critical line of ar- gument is advanced, an alternative picture of guessing, qua cognitive performance, is articulated, one which avoids the problems discussed, and yet remains compatible with Sosa’s broader framework.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
Early online date5 Aug 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Aug 2016


  • Knowledge
  • epistemology
  • guessing
  • Sosa


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