Spatial finance: practical and theoretical contributions to financial analysis

Ben Caldecott, Matthew McCarten, Christophe Christiaen*, Conor Hickey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We introduce and define a new concept, ‘Spatial Finance’, as the integration of geospatial data and analysis into financial theory and practice, and describe how developments in earth observation, particularly as the result of new satellite constellations, combined with new artificial intelligence methods and cloud computing, create a plethora of potential applications for Spatial Finance. We argue that Spatial Finance will become a core future competency for financial analysis, and this will have significant implications for information markets, risk modelling and management, valuation modelling, and the identification of investment opportunities. The paper reviews the characteristics of geospatial data and related technology developments, some current and future applications of Spatial Finance, and its potential impact on financial theory and practice.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sustainable Finance and Investment
Early online date12 Dec 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Dec 2022


  • financial analysis
  • geospatial
  • green finance
  • remote sensing
  • spatial finance


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