Spatiotemporal Electrochemistry on Flexible Microelectrode Arrays: Progress Towards Smart Contact Lens Integration

Matthew Donora, Eva González-Fernández, Andrés Vásquez Quintero, Herbert de Smet, Ian Underwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We demonstrate a real-speed spatiotemporal electrochemical map showing both time- and position-varying concentration of an analyte in contact with a flexible microelectrode array. A polymer-based device of 11 μm in thickness comprising patterned gold metallisation on a polyimide substrate was fabricated, with eight individually addressable working electrodes (diameter 30 μm) and an integrated counter electrode. We performed a repeated sequence of high-speed chronoamperometric measurements at each electrode and processed the data to generate a spatiotemporal concentration map, in which a number of fluid effects, including bulk flow, diffusive mixing and homogenisation of two miscible fluids of different concentration were observed. This device was fabricated using processes compatible with an existing smart contact lens platform, with a view to develop integrated sensors in future work. We believe this technique has significant potential in the field of electrochemical smart contact lenses, both in introducing new functionality and in improving our ability to draw accurate and clinically-relevant conclusions from measurements made in the tear film.
Original languageEnglish
Article number126671
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Early online date15 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Flexible microelectrodes
  • Electrochemical methods
  • Wearable sensors
  • Spatiotemporal Electrochemistry
  • Smart Contact Lenses


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