Spite versus cheats: Competition among social strategies shapes virulence in Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

R. Fredrik Inglis*, Sam P. Brown, Angus Buckling

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Social interactions have been shown to play an important role in bacterial evolution and virulence. The majority of empirical studies conducted have only considered social traits in isolation, yet numerous social traits, such as the production of spiteful bacteriocins (anticompetitor toxins) and iron-scavenging siderophores (a public good) by the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, are frequently expressed simultaneously. Crucially, both bacteriocin production and siderophore cheating can be favored under the same competitive conditions, and we develop theory and carry out experiments to determine how the success of a bacteriocin-producing genotype is influenced by social cheating of susceptible competitors and the resultant impact on disease severity (virulence). Consistent with our theoretical predictions, we find that the spiteful genotype is favored at higher local frequencies when competing against public good cheats. Furthermore, the relationship between spite frequency and virulence is significantly altered when the spiteful genotype is competed against cheats compared with cooperators. These results confirm the ecological and evolutionary importance of considering multiple social traits simultaneously. Moreover, our results are consistent with recent theory regarding the invasion conditions for strong reciprocity (helping cooperators and harming noncooperators).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3472-3484
Number of pages13
JournalEvolution
Volume66
Issue number11
Early online date31 May 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2012

Keywords

  • kin selection
  • INTERFERENCE COMPETITION
  • XENORHABDUS-BOVIENII
  • KIN SELECTION
  • STRONG RECIPROCITY
  • MODEL
  • social evolution
  • strong reciprocity
  • Bacteriocin
  • virulence
  • siderophore
  • PARASITE VIRULENCE
  • COOPERATION
  • EVOLUTION
  • BACTERIOCINS
  • SIDEROPHORE PRODUCTION

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Spite versus cheats: Competition among social strategies shapes virulence in Pseudomonas Aeruginosa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this