Split T-cell tolerance in herpes simplex virus-infected mice and its implication for anti-viral immunity

Anthony Nash, N P Ashford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mice simultaneously injected intravenously and subcutaneously with herpes simplex virus fail to adoptively transfer delayed hypersensitivity (DH) to syngeneic recipients. The transferred lymph node cells also failed to rapidly eliminate infectious herpes from the pinna, despite the presence of cytotoxic T cells in the transferred suspension. Both primary and secondary cytotoxic cell responses in the draining lymph node were unaffected by the inhibition of DH. The lymph nodes from DH tolerized mice also contain lymphocytes capable of undergoing a proliferative response in vitro to herpes antigens. In addition, a neutralizing antibody response with IgG antibodies against herpes are also present in DH tolerized mice. These data suggest a form of split T-cell tolerance in which only DH responses are directly compromised. The implication of these findings for the pathogenesis of herpes simplex virus is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-7
Number of pages7
JournalImmunology
Volume45
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1982

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral/biosynthesis
  • Cytotoxicity, Immunologic
  • Herpes Simplex/immunology
  • Hypersensitivity, Delayed/immunology
  • Immune Tolerance
  • Immunization, Passive
  • Lymph Nodes/immunology
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred CBA
  • Neutralization Tests
  • Simplexvirus/immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes/immunology

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