Stability of evaporating sessile drops comprising binary mixtures

Katie Thomson, Adam Williams, George Karapetsas, Omar Matar, Khellil Sefiane, Prashant Valluri

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The evaporation and spreading dynamics of a binary mixture sessile drop are complex~due to the interplay~of thermal and~solutal~Marangoni stresses~alongside~the hydrodynamic transport,~evaporation, mass diffusion, capillary stress and surface tension of the drop. We~investigate the stability of volatile~bicomponent~sessile~drops~with high wettability~comprising ethanol-water deposited onto heated substrates.~We obtain the transient base state using~a one-sided~model under lubrication approximation before~freezing the base state~and introducing small disturbances to~perform a quasi-steady-state linear stability analysis.~The base state equations are derived assuming an ideal miscible mixture and the surface tension linearly depends on temperature and concentration. The stress singularity at the contact line is avoided by including a precursor film. We end up with an eigenvalue problem where the stability of the flow is determined from the real part of the eigenvalues. The stability equations for the binary system are solved to reveal the most dangerous unstable nodes. Our stability analysis shows that any evaporating sessile drop comprising a binary mixture is highly unstable and the results qualitatively agree with behaviour seen in experiments for ethanol-water.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020
Event73rd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics - Chicago, United States
Duration: 22 Nov 202024 Nov 2020


Conference73rd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


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