Stability of mild cognitive impairment in newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease

ICICLE-PD study group, Rachael A Lawson, Alison J Yarnall, Gordon W Duncan, David P Breen, Tien K Khoo, Caroline H Williams-Gray, Roger A Barker, David J Burn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is common in early Parkinson's disease (PD). We evaluated the stability of PD-MCI over time to determine its clinical utility as a marker of disease.

METHODS: 212 newly diagnosed participants with PD were recruited into a longitudinal study and reassessed after 18 and 36 months. Participants completed a range of clinical and neuropsychological assessments. PD-MCI was classified using Movement Disorders Society Task Force level I (Montreal Cognitive Assessment <26) and level II (using cut-offs of 1, 1.5 and 2SD) criteria.

RESULTS: After 36 months, 75% of participants returned; 8% of patients had developed a dementia all of which were previously PD-MCI. Applying level I criteria, 70% were cognitively stable, 19% cognitively declined and 11% improved over 36 months. Applying level II criteria (1, 1.5 and 2SD), 25% were cognitively stable, 41% cognitively declined, 15% improved and 19% fluctuated over 36 months. 18% of participants reverted to normal cognition from PD-MCI.

DISCUSSION: Cognitive impairment in PD is complex, with some individuals' function fluctuating over time and some reverting to normal cognition. PD-MCI level I criteria may have greater clinical convenience, but more comprehensive level II criteria with 2SD cut-offs may offer greater diagnostic certainty.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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