Stability of nanoparticle laden aerosol liquid droplets

A. J. Archer, B. D. Goddard, R Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We develop a model for the thermodynamics and evaporation dynamics of aerosol droplets of a liquid such as water, surrounded by the gas. When the temperature and the chemical potential (or equivalently the humidity) are such that the vapour phase is the thermodynamic equilibrium state, then of course droplets of the pure liquid evaporate over a relatively short time. However, if the droplets also contain nanoparticles or any other non-volatile solute, then the droplets can become thermodynamically stable. We show that the equilibrium droplet size depends strongly on the amount and solubility of the nanoparticles within, i.e. on the nature of the particle interactions with the liquid, and of course also on the vapour temperature and chemical potential. We develop a simple thermodynamic model for such droplets and compare predictions with results from a lattice density functional theory that takes as input the same particle interaction properties, finding very good agreement. We also use dynamical density functional theory to study the evaporation/condensation dynamics of liquid from/to droplets as they equilibrate with the vapour, thereby demonstrating droplet stability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number194503
Number of pages14
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2023


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