The aim of this paper was to develop and test different methods of applying optimum contribution (OC) to control the rate of inbreeding in various practical breeding schemes for fish, where there is a limitation on the number of full-sib families that can be managed. A simulation study using an infinitesimal genetic model was used to compare the performance of four different ways of implementing OC together with a method commonly used today for controlling inbreeding in fish populations. Breeding programs of different sizes were studied, with the number of families ranging from 40 to 200, and the number of offspring per family ranging from 8 to 200. Heritabilities of 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 were assumed, and the rate of inbreeding per generation (Delta F) was restricted to 0.005. Average genetic gain (Delta G) for generations 5-15 was used to compare the different schemes. The genetic gain obtained with OC methods were up to 13% higher than for the method commonly used today. The results show although conventional methods of inbreeding control may work in many situations, CC procedures are beneficial and practically possible to implement. Therefore it is concluded that CC procedures should be implemented in aquaculture breeding programs.
- Fish breeding
- Genetic gain