Strategies in the Use of Referring Expressions to Describe Things Urban

William Mackaness, Philip Bartie, Philipp Petrenz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

In the context of wayfinding technologies, there is increasing interest in dialogue based systems that use description of landmarks as a way of guiding people through cities. In the absence of maps and photographs, the challenge for automated systems is the production of descriptions of things in the field of view that are unambiguous and easily interpreted. We are therefore interested in the mechanisms used by humans to create and interpret descriptions of things in the urban vista. Here we report on a web based experiment in which we explored the veracity of human generated referring expressions in order to better understand the most successful strategies for directing people’s gaze.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of GISRUK, University of Leeds
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • referring expressions
  • Urban modelling
  • smart cities
  • pedestrian modelling


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