PURPOSE: The incidence of stroke is of global concern, and the rates of recurrence are high. Many risk factors are related to lifestyle behaviours and, as such, are amenable to change. Implementation of effective secondary prevention interventions is essential; however, little is known about influences on participation and adherence. This review and meta-aggregation aimed to improve understanding of stroke survivor and family member perspectives of secondary prevention interventions.
METHODS: We searched 11 databases, e.g. Medline and PsycINFO. We included qualitative studies that focused on adult stroke survivors and family members who had participated in a multimodal stroke secondary prevention intervention. Critical appraisal and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers. A meta-aggregation of qualitative findings was conducted.
RESULTS: Five papers were included. One hundred and three findings were extracted and grouped into 14 categories from which three synthesised findings emerged: feeling supported, acquiring knowledge and gaining confidence.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings highlight the perceived benefits of participation in secondary prevention group interventions from the perspective of stroke survivors and family members, i.e. feeling supported, by others with shared understanding and by knowledgeable health professionals, acquiring new knowledge and gaining confidence. These findings may be used to inform development of patient-centred interventions and thereby assist in improving health outcomes. Implications for Rehabilitation Health professionals should consider implementing group-based secondary prevention interventions. The content of group-based secondary prevention interventions should be person-centred, i.e. meaningful and relevant to the individual. Stroke survivors and family members are more likely to comply with advice and information provided by expert and experienced health professionals.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Disability and rehabilitation|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Apr 2015|