Structural capacity of one-way spanning large-scale cross-laminated timber slabs in standard and natural fires

Felix Wiesner, Alastair Bartlett, Siyimane Mohaine, Fabienne Robert, R. McNamee, Jean-Christophe Mindeguia, Luke Bisby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper describes selected observations, measurements, and analysis from a series of large-scale experiments on cross-laminated timber (CLT) slabs that were exposed to fire from below, using four different heating scenarios, with a sustained mechanical loading of 6.3 kNm per metre width of slab. The deflection response and in-depth timber temperatures are used to compare the experimental response against a simple structural fire model to assess the load bearing capacity of cross-laminated timber elements in fire, including during the decay phase of natural fires. It is shown that the ventilation conditions in experiments with a fixed fuel load are important in achieving burnout of the contents before structural collapse occurs. A mechanics-based structural fire model is shown to provide reasonably accurate predictions of structural failure (or lack thereof) for the experiments presented herein. The results show the importance of the ventilation conditions on the fire dynamics, burning duration, and the achievement of functional fire safety objectives (i.e. maintaining stability and compartmentation), in compartments with exposed CLT.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberFIRE-D-20-00023
Number of pages17
JournalFire Technology
Early online date30 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 May 2020

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