Structural organisation and biomimesis of nature's polymer composites

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In nature, there are many examples of complex hierarchical material designs where weak constituent polymers assemble into composites with exceptional mechanical properties. These structures are attracting considerable attention in the scientific and engineering communities as sources of inspiration for polymer composite design. Natural polymers or, biopolymers, may include proteins, polypeptides and polysaccharides. These biopolymers are the essential building blocks of hierarchical polymer composites in nature. This chapter elucidates a variety of different polymer composite structures from nature; how they are organised, and the specialised designs that provide for superior functionality. Recurring concepts in biological material structures will also be explained and hence, the chapter will draw upon the elements of structural biology in context to biomimetic and bioinspired composites science.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Developments in Polymer Composites Research
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages325-379
Number of pages55
ISBN (Electronic)9781629483436
ISBN (Print)9781629483405
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Biological structures and biomimesis
  • Biomimetics
  • Biopolymers
  • Biostructures
  • Composites
  • Mechanics

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