Structural signature of the MYPT1-PP1 interaction

Anderson S Pinheiro, Joseph A Marsh, Julie D Forman-Kay, Wolfgang Peti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Muscle relaxation is triggered by the dephosphorylation of Ser19 in the myosin regulatory light chain. This reaction is catalyzed by the holoenzyme myosin phosphatase (MP), which includes the catalytic subunit protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and the regulatory targeting subunit (MYPT). MYPT1 (myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1) is responsible for both targeting the holoenzyme to subcellular compartments in the muscle and directing PP1 specificity toward myosin. To understand the molecular events leading to the MYPT1-PP1 holoenzyme formation, we used NMR spectroscopy to determine the structural and dynamic characteristics of unbound MYPT1. This allowed the conformations of MYPT1 in the free, unbound state to be directly compared to the PP1-bound state. Our results show that MYPT1(1-98) behaves like a two-domain protein in solution. The first 40 residues of MYPT1(1-98), the disordered region, are intrinsically disordered and highly dynamic, whereas residues 41-98, the folded ankyrin-repeat region, are well-structured and rigid. Furthermore, the integrated use of NMR and biophysical data enabled us to calculate an ensemble model for MYPT1(1-98). The most prominent structural feature of the MYPT1(1-98) ensemble is a 25% populated transient α-helix in the disordered region of MYPT1(1-98). This α-helix becomes fully populated when bound to PP1 and, as we show, likely plays a central role in the formation of the MYPT1-PP1 holoenzyme complex. Finally, this combined analysis shows that the structural and dynamic behaviors exhibited by MYPT1 for PP1 are distinct from those of any other previously analyzed PP1 regulatory protein. Collectively, these data enable us to present a new model of the molecular events that drive MYPT1-PP1 holoenzyme formation and demonstrate that there are structural differences in unbound PP1 regulators that have not been previously observed. Thus, this work adds significant insights to the currently limited data for molecular structures and dynamics of PP1 regulators.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume133
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Ankyrin Repeat
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Models, Molecular
  • Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Phosphatase 1

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