Structure−Activity Relationships for a Series of Quinoline-Based Compounds Active against Replicating and Nonreplicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Annamaria Lilienkampf, Jialin Mao, Baojie Wan, Yuehong Wang, Scott G. Franzblau, Alan P. Kozikowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) remains as a global pandemic that is aggravated by a lack of health care, the spread of HIV, and the emergence of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) strains. New anti-TB drugs are urgently required to shorten the long 6−12 month treatment regimen and to battle drug-resistant Mtb strains. We have identified several potent quinoline-based anti-TB compounds, bearing an isoxazole containing side-chain. The most potent compounds, 7g and 13, exhibited submicromolar activity against the replicating bacteria (R-TB), with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.77 and 0.95 μM, respectively. In general, these compounds also had micromolar activity against the nonreplicating persistent bacteria (NRP-TB) and did not show toxicity on Vero cells up to 128 μM concentration. Compounds 7g and 13 were shown to retain their anti-TB activity against rifampin, isoniazid, and streptomycin resistant Mtb strains. The results suggest that quinoline−isoxazole-based anti-TB compounds are promising leads for new TB drug development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2109-2118
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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