Study of compostable behavior of jute nano fiber reinforced biocopolyester composites in aerobic compost environment

Sonakshi Maiti, Dipa Ray*, Debarati Mitra, Manjusri Misra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Jute nano fiber (JNF) reinforced biocopolyester-based composite sheets were prepared with 2% and 10 wt % filler loading and compostability tests were performed in simulated aerobic compost environment at ambient temperature for a period of 50 days. Weight loss study revealed that the incorporation of JNF enhanced the rate of degradation significantly. The unreinforced sample exhibited a steady loss in weight, whereas, the JNF reinforced samples showed three phase degradation. They had a steady weight loss up to 30 days followed by a plateau zone between 30 and 40 days and after that, there was again an increase in weight loss up to 50 days. The biodegraded samples were investigated for their change in molecular weight by Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC). The change in structure was examined by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and morphological change was observed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Molecular weight study revealed the fact that Biocopolyester molecules had a significant breakdown in chain length during melt mixing with 10 wt % JNF, which was much less predominant in 2 wt % JNF loaded composites. Such a decrease in chain length and presence of 10 wt % JNF might have facilitated the biodegradation process resulting in highest weight loss. (c) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2952-2958
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume123
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2012

Keywords

  • biopolymers
  • composites
  • differential scanning calorimetry
  • gel permeation chromatography (GPC)
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • BIODEGRADABILITY
  • BIOCOMPOSITES
  • DEGRADATION
  • POLYESTERS
  • SOIL

Cite this