Sub-erythemal ultraviolet radiation reduces metabolic dysfunction in already overweight mice

Naomi Fleury, Martin Feelisch, Prue Hart, Richard Weller, Jordan Smoothy, Vance Bruce Matthews, Shelley Gorman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exposure to sunlight may limit cardiometabolic risk. In our previous studies, regular exposure to sub-erythemal (non-burning) ultraviolet radiation (UVR) reduced signs of adiposity and cardiometabolic dysfunction in mice fed a high fat diet. Some of the observed effects were dependent on skin release of nitric oxide following UVR exposure. Here, we examine the effects of sub-erythemal UVR on signs of adiposity and metabolic dysfunction in already overweight mice, comparing the effects of two sunlamps with distinct emitted light spectra. Mice were fed a high fat diet from 8 weeks of age, with UVR administered twice a week from 14 weeks of age until they were euthanized at 20 weeks of age. Mice were irradiated with the same dose of UVB radiation (1 kJ/m2) from either FS40 (65% UVB, 35% UVA) or CLEO (4% UVB, 96% UVA) sunlamps, but substantially more UVA from the latter. FS40 UVR (but not CLEO UVR) significantly reduced mouse weights and weight gain, compared to mice fed a high fat diet (only). The effects of FS40 UVR on weights and weight gain were reversed by topical application of a nitric oxide scavenger (cPTIO). Conversely, CLEO UVR (but not FS40 UVR) significantly reduced circulating LDL-cholesterol. Both light sources reduced fasting insulin levels, and the extent of hepatic steatosis; the latter was reversed by topical application of cPTIO, suggesting an important role for skin release of nitric oxide in preventing hepatic lipid accumulation. These results suggest that there may be a number of benefits achieved by regular exposure to safe or non-burning levels of sunlight or UV-containing phototherapy, with effects potentially dependent on predominance of the wavelengths of UVR administered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-92
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume233
Issue number1
Early online date2 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sub-erythemal ultraviolet radiation reduces metabolic dysfunction in already overweight mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this