Suppression of circulating concentrations of FSH and LH by inhibin and estradiol during the initiation of follicle deviation in mares

F X Donadeu, O J Ginther

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The role of estradiol and inhibin in suppression of FSH and LH during the initiation of follicle deviation was examined in mares. In Experiment 1, the two largest follicles (F1, F2) were retained during a wave and the rest were ablated as they reached > or =10 mm. The largest follicle was left intact (control, n=12) or was ablated when it reached > or =20.0 mm (Day 0; expected beginning of deviation). The second largest follicle continued growing (n=9) or regressed (n=4) after F1 ablation. Circulating estradiol and total inhibin decreased after Day 0 in the F2-regressing group, whereas estradiol increased after Day 0.5 and inhibin was unaltered in the control and F2-growing groups. Circulating FSH decreased in the control group and increased in the F2-regressing group after Day 0. In the F2-growing group, FSH increased between Days 0 and 0.5 and then decreased. Circulating LH increased between Days 0 and 2 in the F2-regressing group and between Days 0 and 0.5 in the F2-growing group. In Experiment 2, 0 or 1 follicle was retained in a wave followed by administration of 0 or 1 mg of estradiol at the expected beginning of deviation (Hour 0; 2 x 2 factorial design, n=4-6/group). Circulating total inhibin was higher and FSH was lower at Hour 0 in the 1-follicle than in the 0-follicle groups. Follicle-stimulating hormone decreased after Hour 0 in the 1-mg but not in the 0-mg groups, and the decrease in the 0-follicle/1-mg group was not to the level of that in the 1-follicle/1-mg group. Circulating LH was not affected by follicle number but was reduced by estradiol. Results supported the hypotheses that F1 near the beginning of deviation produces inhibin and estradiol and that the increase in circulating estradiol at the beginning of deviation induces FSH suppression in combination with other follicle substances (presumably inhibin). Results also indicated that the increase in estradiol induces suppression of LH.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1423-34
Number of pages12
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003


  • Animals
  • Estradiol
  • Female
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone
  • Horses
  • Kinetics
  • Luteinizing Hormone
  • Ovarian Follicle
  • Ovary
  • Ovulation


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