Switching of Swimming Modes in Magnetospirillium gryphiswaldense

M. Reufer, R. Besseling, J. Schwarz-Linek, V.A. Martinez, A.N. Morozov, J. Arlt, D. Trubitsyn, F.B. Ward, W.C.K. Poon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The microaerophilic magnetotactic bacterium Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense swims along magnetic field lines using a single flagellum at each cell pole. It is believed that this magnetotactic behavior enables cells to seek optimal oxygen concentration with maximal efficiency. We analyze the trajectories of swimming M. gryphiswaldense cells in external magnetic fields larger than the earth’s field, and show that each cell can switch very rapidly (in <0.2 s) between a fast and a slow swimming mode. Close to a glass surface, a variety of trajectories were observed, from straight swimming that systematically deviates from field lines to various helices. A model in which fast (slow) swimming is solely due to the rotation of the trailing (leading) flagellum can account for these observations. We determined the magnetic moment of this bacterium using a to our knowledge new method, and obtained a value of (2.0±0.6)×10−16 A · m2. This value is found to be consistent with parameters emerging from quantitative fitting of trajectories to our model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2014


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