## Abstract / Description of output

Suspensions of rear- and front-actuated microswimmers immersed in a fluid, known respectively as “pushers” and “pullers”, display qualitatively different collective behaviours: beyond a characteristic density, pusher suspensions exhibit a hydrodynamic instability leading to collective motion known as active turbulence, a phenomenon

which is absent for pullers. In this Letter, we describe the collective dynamics of a binary pusher–puller mixture using kinetic theory and large-scale particle-resolved simulations. We derive and verify an instability criterion, showing that the critical density for active turbulence moves to higher values as the fraction χ of pullers is increased and disappears for χ ≥ 0:5. We then show analytically and numerically that the two-point hydrodynamic correlations of the 1:1 mixture are equal to those of a suspension of noninteracting swimmers. Strikingly, our numerical analysis furthermore shows that the full probability distribution of the fluid velocity fluctuations collapses onto the one of a noninteracting system at the same density, where swimmer–swimmer correlations are strictly absent. Our results thus indicate that the fluid velocity fluctuations in 1:1 pusher–puller

mixtures are exactly equal to those of the corresponding noninteracting suspension at any density, a surprising cancellation with no counterpart in equilibrium long-range interacting systems.

which is absent for pullers. In this Letter, we describe the collective dynamics of a binary pusher–puller mixture using kinetic theory and large-scale particle-resolved simulations. We derive and verify an instability criterion, showing that the critical density for active turbulence moves to higher values as the fraction χ of pullers is increased and disappears for χ ≥ 0:5. We then show analytically and numerically that the two-point hydrodynamic correlations of the 1:1 mixture are equal to those of a suspension of noninteracting swimmers. Strikingly, our numerical analysis furthermore shows that the full probability distribution of the fluid velocity fluctuations collapses onto the one of a noninteracting system at the same density, where swimmer–swimmer correlations are strictly absent. Our results thus indicate that the fluid velocity fluctuations in 1:1 pusher–puller

mixtures are exactly equal to those of the corresponding noninteracting suspension at any density, a surprising cancellation with no counterpart in equilibrium long-range interacting systems.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 018003 |

Journal | Physical Review Letters |

Volume | 125 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jul 2020 |

## Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

- cond-mat.soft
- cond-mat.stat-mech
- physics.bio-ph
- physics.flu-dyn