Symptoms, unmet needs, psychological well-being and health status in prostate cancer survivors: implications for redesigning follow-up

Eila Watson, Bethany Shinkins, Emma Frith, David Neal, Freddie Hamdy, Fiona Walter, David Weller, Clare Wilkinson, Sara Faithfull, Jane Wolstenholme, Prasanna Sooriakumaran, Christof Kastner, Christine Campbell, Richard Neal, Hugh Butcher, Mike Matthews, Rafael Perera, Peter Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: To explore ongoing symptoms, unmet needs, psychological wellbeing, self-efficacy and overall health status in prostate cancer survivors.

SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: An invitation to participate in a postal questionnaire survey was sent to 546 men, diagnosed with prostate cancer 9 - 24 months previously at two UK cancer centres. The study group comprised men who had been subject to a range of treatments: surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and active surveillance. The questionnaire included measures of prostate-related quality of life (EPIC-26); unmet needs (SCNS SF34); anxiety and depression (HADS), self-efficacy (modified Self-efficacy Scale), health status (EQ-5D) and satisfaction with care (questions developed for study). A single reminder was sent to non-responders after three weeks. Data were analysed by age, co-morbidities, and treatment group.

RESULTS: 316 men completed questionnaires (64.1% response rate). Overall satisfaction with follow-up care was high, but was lower for psychosocial than physical aspects of care. Urinary, bowel, and sexual functioning was reported as a moderate/big problem in the last month for 15.2% (n = 48), 5.1% (n = 16), and 36.5% (n = 105) men, respectively. The most commonly reported moderate/high unmet needs related to changes in sexual feelings/relationships, managing fear of recurrence/uncertainty, and concerns about the worries of significant others. It was found that 17% of men (n = 51/307) reported potentially moderate to severe levels of anxiety and 10.2% reported moderate to severe levels of depression (n = 32/308). The presence of problematic side-effects was associated with higher psychological morbidity, poorer self-efficacy, greater unmet needs, and poorer overall health status.

CONCLUSION: While some men report relatively few problems following prostate cancer treatment, this study highlights important physical and psycho-social issues for a significant minority of prostate cancer survivors. Strategies for identifying those men with on-going problems, alongside new interventions and models of care, tailored to individual needs, are needed to improve quality of life. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E10–E19
JournalBJU International
Issue number6B
Early online date27 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015


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