System for mapping Dna sequences in chromosomes of Drosophila-Melanogaster

David Finnegan, Pieter C. Wensink, John E. Donelson, David S. Hogness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Individual segments of the chromosomal DNA in D. melanogaster were isolated, and the sequences they contain were analyzed for repetition and mapped within the polytene chromosomes. Isolation was achieved by first constructing circular hybrid DNA molecules consisting of single chromosomal segments linked by poly(dA):poly(dT) joints to single molecules of the tetracycline resistance plasmid, pSC101. Tetracycline-sensitive E. coli were transformed to resistance by this heterogeneous population of hybrid molecules and homogeneous populations of different hybrids were isolated from the clones of transformants. Three hybrid plasmids (pDm 1, 2, and 4) were studied in detail. Each exhibits the structure expected from the method of construction and none exhibits internal sequence repetition detectable by reassociation kinetics. The D. melanogaster sequences in pDm2 and 4 belong to a single class defined by little or no repetition within the genome and localization to a single chromomeric region in the polytene chromosomes. The characteristics of this class, which also includes 4 of a second set of 6 hybrids, are not compatible with tandem repetition models for the chromomere. The sequences in pDm1 are repeated 90 times and are located in 15 different chromomeric regions and within the chromocentric β-heterochromatin. This distribution is of the kind predicted by certain regulatory models, for example, that of Britten and Davidson (1969).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-325
Number of pages11
JournalCell
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1974

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