Systematic review with network meta‐analysis: Risk of Herpes zoster with biological therapies and small molecules in inflammatory bowel disease

Shahida Din, Christian P. Selinger, Christopher J. Black, Alexander C. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Background: Biologics and small molecules for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may increase infection risk. Herpes zoster causes acute and long-term symptoms, but vaccination is not recommended in patients with IBD, unless >50 years of age.
Aims: To examine risk of Herpes zoster infection with all licensed biologics and small molecules for IBD using network meta-analysis.
Methods: We searched the literature to 4th October 2022, for randomised controlled trials of these drugs in luminal Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis reporting data on occurrence of Herpes zoster infection during follow-up. We used a frequentist approach and a random effects model, pooling data as relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
Results: We identified 25 trials (9935 patients). Only tofacitinib 10 mg b.d. (RR = 6.90; 95% CI 1.56-30.63, number needed to harm (NNH) = 97; 95% CI 19-1022) and upadacitinib 45 mg o.d. (RR = 7.89; 95% CI 1.04-59.59, NNH = 83; 95% CI 10-14,305) were significantly more likely to increase risk of Herpes zoster infection. Janus kinase inhibitors were the most likely drug class to increase risk of infection, and risk increased with higher doses (RR with lowest dose = 3.16; 95% CI 1.02-9.84, NNH = 265; 95% CI 65-28,610, RR with higher dose = 5.91; 95% CI 2.21-15.82, NNH = 117; 95% CI 39-473).
Conclusions: In a network meta-analysis, the janus kinase inhibitor tofacitinib, and all janus kinase inhibitors considered as a class, were most likely to increase risk of Herpes zoster infection. Risk increased with higher doses.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Early online date31 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Dec 2022

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