Socio-environmental transitions during the first millennium AD had wide-ranging impacts across Europe which have interesting archaeological and palaeoecological implications. This paper uses published and new multi-tissue, multi-isotope data from across Europe to look at changing resource use from c. 350-1200 AD. It highlights cross-cultural interaction at a broad scale as well as focussing on these patterns with Early Medieval England as a regional case study. By using a hierarchical approach, it teases apart human-environment interactions with significant implications for changing foodways in Early Medieval Europe. It highlights how more integrated methodologies allow for better models of human ecology in the Early Middle Ages.
- early medieval
- machine learning