Tadpole, trout or tune: the equivalence of animal and human aquatic undulatroy locomotion.

Christopher Connaboy, Simon Coleman, Carla McCabe, Roozbeh Naemi, S. G. Psycharakis, Ross Sanders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

The purpose of this study was to examine the kinematics of human undulatory underwater swimming and compare the principle components of the propulsive waveform to those generated in the various modes of animal undulatory locomotion. Results indicated a similarity to a sub-carangiform mode of locomotion, with minimal undulation in the anterior aspects of the body and less than one wavelength present on the swimming body. A sub-cariangiform mode of locomotion suggests that swimmers’ arms are acting as inertial dampers, reducing dorso-ventral movements (pitch) in the anterior aspects of the body, and thereby minimising form drag and allowing a more efficient transfer of the propulsive wave along the caudal aspects of the swimmer.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports.
EditorsH.J. Menzel, M.H. Chagas
Place of PublicationOuro Preto, Brazil
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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