Target and double spin asymmetries of deeply virtual pi(0) production with a longitudinally polarized proton target and CLAS

A. Kim*, H. Avakian, V. Burkert, K. Joo, W. Kim, K. P. Adhikari, Z. Akbar, S. Anefalos Pereira, R. A. Badui, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Biselli, S. Boiarinov, P. Bosted, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, S. Bultmann, T. Cao, D. S. CarmanA. Celentano, S. Chandavar, G. Charles, T. Chetry, L. Colaneri, P. L. Cole, N. Compton, M. Contalbrigo, O. Cortes, V. Crede, A. D'Angelo, N. Dashyan, R. De Vita, E. De Sanctis, C. Djalali, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, P. Eugenio, G. Fedotov, R. Fersch, A. Filippi, J. A. Fleming, A. Fradi, M. Garc Con, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, K. L. Giovanetti, F. X. Girod, W. Gohn, E. Golovatch, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, C. Hanretty, M. Hattawy, D. Heddle, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, B. S. Ishkhanov, D. Jenkins, H. Jiang, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, D. Keller, G. Khachatryan, M. Khandaker, A. Klein, F. J. Klein, V. Kubarovsky, S. E. Kuhn, S. V. Kuleshov, L. Lanza, P. Lenisa, H. Y. Lu, I. J. D. MacGregor, N. Markov, P. Mattione, M. E. McCracken, B. McKinnon, V. Mokeev, A. Movsisyan, E. Munevar, P. Nadel-Turonski, L. A. Net, S. Niccolai, M. Osipenko, A. I. Ostrovidov, M. Paolone, K. Park, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, S. Pisano, O. Pogorelko, J. W. Price, Y. Prok, M. Ripani, A. Rizzo, G. Rosner, P. Rossi, P. Roy, C. Salgado, R. A. Schumacher, E. Seder, Y. G. Sharabian, Iu. Skorodumina, G. D. Smith, D. Sokhan, N. Sparveris, S. Stepanyan, P. Stoler, I. I. Strakovsky, S. Strauch, V. Sytnik, M. Taiuti, B. Torayev, M. Ungaro, H. Voskanyan, E. Voutier, D. P. Watts, X. Wei, L. B. Weinstein, N. Zachariou, L. Zana, J. Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The target and double spin asymmetries of the exclusive pseudoscalar channel (e) over right arrow(p) over right arrow -> ep pi(0) ere measured for the first time in the deep-inelastic regime using a longitudinally polarized 5.9 GeV electron beam and a longitudinally polarized proton target at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The data were collected over a large kinematic phase space and divided into 110 four-dimensional bins of Q(2), x(B), -t and phi. Large values of asymmetry moments clearly indicate a substantial contribution to the polarized structure functions from transverse virtual photon amplitudes. The interpretation of experimental data in terms of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) provides the first insight on the chiral-odd GPDs (I) over tildeI(T) and E-T, and complement previous measurements of unpolarized structure functions sensitive to the GPDs H-T and (E) over bar (T). These data provide a crucial input for parametrizations of essentially unknown chiral-odd GPDs and will strongly influence existing theoretical calculations based on the handbag formalism. (C) 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-173
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume768
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2017

Keywords

  • Nucleon structure
  • CLAS collaboration
  • Deeply Virtual Meson Production
  • Chiral-odd generalized parton distributions
  • Longitudinally polarized target
  • GENERALIZED PARTON DISTRIBUTIONS
  • COMPTON-SCATTERING
  • TRANSVERSITY

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